Download An Introduction to Theories of Personality: 7th Edition by Robert B. Ewen PDF

By Robert B. Ewen

This seventh Edition helps scholars get to the bottom of the mysteries of human habit via its hugely readable advent to the guidelines of the main major character theorists.

Engaging biographical sketches start every one bankruptcy, and distinct tablet summaries support scholars overview key concepts.  Theories come alive during the inclusion of quotations from the theorists’ writings and various functions comparable to dream interpretation, psychopathology, and psychotherapy.

Significant alterations within the seventh version contain a longer dialogue of the sensible purposes of character idea, with an emphasis on directions which can support humans raise their self-knowledge, make higher judgements, and stay extra pleasurable lives.

Fictionalized yet true-to-life examples illustrating the perils of insufficient self-knowledge comprise students, mom and dad, terrorists, company executives, and politicians, whereas different examples exhibit the optimistic results which may outcome from a greater knowing of one’s unconscious.

This seventh version additionally contains a extra huge dialogue of the way a scarcity of self-understanding prompted problems for such famous theorists as Freud and Erikson, and a brand new part that explains how habit will be strongly inspired by means of the placement in addition to through one’s personality.

Finally, a brand new interactive website presents perform attempt questions and different themes of interest.

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Extra info for An Introduction to Theories of Personality: 7th Edition

Example text

Primary process The chaotic, irrational mode of thought representative of the id. Psychic determinism The principle that nothing in the psyche happens by chance; all mental activity has a prior cause. Psychic energy The “fuel” that powers all mental activity; an unobservable, abstract construct. Psychoanalysis (1) The name Freud gave to his theory of personality. (2) The method of psychotherapy devised by Freud. 2 • Psychoanalysis 21 Reality principle Delaying the discharge of tension until a suitable object has been found; a function of the ego.

Libido The psychic energy associated with the sexual instinct; sometimes used to refer to both sexual and destructive energy. Narcissism Self-love; the investment of one’s own self with libido. Object Whatever will satisfy an activated instinct. May be an inanimate entity, a person, or even something fanciful and irrational. Oedipus complex Powerful feelings of love for the parent of the opposite sex and hostile jealousy for the parent of the same sex, together with powerful feelings of love for the parent of the same sex and hostile jealousy for the parent of the opposite sex.

Nicolaus Copernicus demonstrated that the Earth is not the center of all creation, but merely one of several planets that rotate around the sun. Charles Darwin showed that humans are not a unique and privileged life form, but just one of many animal species that have evolved over millions of years. Sigmund Freud emphasized that we are not even the masters of our own minds, but are driven by many powerful unconscious processes (wishes, fears, beliefs, conflicts, emotions, memories) of which we are totally unaware.

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