By Haim D Rabinowitch, Lesley Currah
The Alliums are one of the most historical cultivated plants and comprise onions, garlic, leeks and different similar vegetation. the first goal of this publication is to compile, in one quantity, up to date wisdom got via a number of clinical disciplines, from the elemental molecular point, to software within the box, of the allium vegetation. It includes commissioned chapters on themes that experience proven significant advances relatively within the final 10 years akin to molecular biology, floriculture and agronomy. individuals comprise top global specialists from Europe, the united states, Japan and New Zealand.
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Additional info for Allium crop science : recent advances
Although morphologically similar to A. galanthum, the seed-coat structure is as in the Oschaninii alliance (Kruse, 1988). Morphological reasons exclude this species as a possible progenitor of the common onion (Hanelt, 1990). Allium pskemense B. Fedtsch. This is an endangered local species from the western Tien-Shan range, where the borders of Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan meet. Inhabitants of this area collect the bulbs and sometimes transplant the species and cultivate it in their gardens (Levichev and Krassovskaja, 1981).
Species with fistulose leaves, often well-developed bulbs and short vertical rhizomes dominate. Several species of the well-known sections Cepa and Schoenoprasum occupy most of the Eurasian continent, but most species are distributed in the mountain belt from the Alps and Caucasus to East Asia. Subgenus Reticulatobulbosa. This is the largest segregate from subgenus Rhizirideum sensu lato (s. lato), characterized by narrow linear leaves and reticulate bulb tunics. The centre of diversity of the different speciesrich sections is located in South Siberia and Central Asia, with wide extensions into adjacent regions of Asia, Europe, Tibet and the Himalayas.
Allium cepa L. 1 Description and variability Allium cepa is cultivated mainly as a biennial, but some types are treated as perennials. It is propagated by seeds, bulbs or sets (small bulbs). Bulbs have a reduced disc-like rhizome at the base. M. Fritsch and N. Friesen tall and gradually tapering from an expanded lower part. The leaves have rather short sheaths and differ in size and are near circular in cross-section but somewhat flattened on the adaxial side. The umbel is subglobose, dense, many-flowered (50 to several hundred) and with a short persistent spathe.