By Petteri Pietikainen
This is often the 1st book-length examine of Modernist utopias of the brain. Pietikainen examines the psychodynamic writings of Otto Gross, C G Jung, Wilhelm Reich and Erich Fromm. once they broke from Freud and orthodox psychoanalysis, Pietikainen argues, utopianism grew to become more and more very important to the basic objectives of all 4 thinkers. He exhibits how Gross' "Matriarchal Communism", Jung's "Archetypal Cosmos", Reich's "Orgonomic Functionalism" and Fromm's "Socialist Humanism" have been makes an attempt to reshape social constructions and human family through conquering the subconscious. Pietikainen locations the 'utopian impulse' with the ancient context of the big, violent socio-political narratives of the early 20th century. This leading edge interdisciplinary publication contributes to ongoing scholarly discussions in regards to the historicity as opposed to the universality of human nature.
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Extra resources for Alchemists of Human Nature - Psychological Utopianism in Gross, Jung, Reich and Fromm
25 For example, in two articles published in the first issue of Psikhologia in 1932, the authors claimed to have identified a direct link between Trotskyism and psychoanalysis. In one of the articles, the author (psychologist A. 26 The message in these articles was clear: both Freud and Trotsky were anti-Marxist and anti-materialist, and all Marxist science should be cleansed of the filth of Trotskyism. Trotsky himself was first banished to Alma Ata – 3,000 kilometres from Moscow - in early 1928, and, then, a year later, deported from the country.
Sexuality or spirituality) as also being intrinsically good. This inference is logically incorrect, because ‘is’ does not imply ‘ought’ – one cannot logically 26 Alchemists of Human Nature derive judgments of value from statements of facts, as philosophers David Hume and G. E. Moore pointed out in the late eighteenth (Hume) and early twentieth (Moore) centuries. Although Hume’s and Moore’s ideas were well known in academia, at least in the Anglo-American world, our psychoutopian authors seemed to be unaware of what the concept of naturalistic fallacy is all about.
While they diagnosed society or culture as sick, they did not become engaged in any detailed study of the pathology of social evils. But then again, this is one of the main reasons why they were social dreamers and not sociologists: their strength was not their empirical investigative bent, but their imaginative ability to conjure up startling correlations, suggestive metaphors and new associations between seemingly unconnected phenomena. As we shall see, Gross, Reich and Fromm saw 22 Alchemists of Human Nature the transformation of the family structure as the key to social and psychological change.