By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources, Committee on Animal Nutrition, Ad Hoc Committee on Air Emissions from Animal Feeding Operations
Air Emissions from Animal Feeding Operations: present wisdom, destiny wishes discusses the necessity for the U.S. Environmental safety corporation to enforce a brand new strategy for estimating the volume of ammonia, nitrous oxide, methane, and different toxins emitted from farm animals and fowl farms, and for settling on how those emissions are dispersed within the surroundings. The committee demands the EPA and the U.S. division of Agriculture to set up a joint council to coordinate and oversee brief - and long term learn to estimate emissions from animal feeding operations properly and to advance mitigation thoughts. Their suggestion used to be for the joint council to concentration its efforts first on these toxins that pose the best probability to the surroundings and public well-being.
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Additional info for Air Emissions from Animal Feeding Operations Current Knowledge, Future Needs
POLICY CONTEXT Two federal agencies, EPA and USDA, have programs that address the effects of emissions from AFOs. These programs are discussed in detail in Chapter 6. Implementation of programs by both agencies is aided by the states. EPA’s programs rely on regulation, while USDA’s rely on management, mainly by farmers’ actions. The two approaches have the potential to be complementary rather than conflicting if there is close coordination among EPA, USDA, and state governments. Regulations and programs aimed at mitigating air emissions from AFOs are effective and publicly acceptable only if the information on which they are based is defensible.
The two approaches have the potential to be complementary rather than conflicting if there is close coordination among EPA, USDA, and state governments. Regulations and programs aimed at mitigating air emissions from AFOs are effective and publicly acceptable only if the information on which they are based is defensible. Public trust can be eroded if regulations and programs appear to be based on poor information. As noted in the committee’s interim report, the approach for estimating emissions proposed for use by EPA (2001a) is not adequate because of data limitations and the way in which it characterizes individual farms in relation to emissions (NRC, 2002a).
If there is a low risk of phosphorus runoff as determined by a site analysis, farmers will be permitted to overapply phosphorus. However, they will still be prohibited from applying more nitrogen than recommended for crop production. Many AFOs (those currently without CNMPs) likely will have more manure than they can use on their own cropland, and manure export may be cost prohibitive. , volatilize ammonia) to decrease the nitrogen remaining after storage or increase the nitrogen requirement for crop production.