By Sung Deuk Hahm, L. Christopher Plein
This ebook explores the dynamic adjustments now happening within the South Korean executive because of contemporary social and fiscal liberalization. Sung Deuk Hahm and L. Christopher Plein hint the emergence in Korea of a post-developmental kingdom, within which either more and more self sufficient capital pursuits and transforming into public expectancies of a better caliber of existence problem current authoritarian associations. isolating out the constituent elements of the Korean nation, they then discover the evolving roles of the Korean presidency and paperwork in surroundings nationwide coverage. The authors learn the significance of social and cultural elements, in addition to the reasons of person political actors, in shaping institutional switch in Korea. They exhibit how moving socioeconomic stipulations have altered the best way political judgements are made. Hahm and Plein illustrate those transitions with concrete examples of coverage making within the region of expertise improvement and move - a space of serious value to Korea's quick modernization.
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Additional info for After development: transformation of the Korean presidency and bureaucracy
By drawing attention to the political and administrative aspects of economic development, the developmental state approach has made an important contribution (see Moon and Prasad 1994). However, the developmental state approach does not fully capture the dynamics of state influence and strength which varies across time and issues (see Cheng 1990; Donor 1992; E-Y Kim 1993). In the case of Korea, the developmental state approach has neglected the highly active role of the presidency in comprehensive industrial development planning.
Our third major observation deals with institutional transformation in the postdevelopmental state. We argue that the Korean presidency will remain the prevailing influence in the policy-making process for the foreseeable future. However, the power of the institution will be far from absolute. Instead, institutional transformation will focus more on the ability of the president to act as a broker and facilitator in the policy process. Instead of imposition of will, presidential success will be predicated on the ability to resolve conflict among various interests and to build the coalitions necessary to achieve policy objectives.
Under these circumstances, the complexity of policy planning for technological innovation has vested greater influence in the hands of those in the bureaucracy with jurisdiction over matters relating to science and technology. Those within the higher circles of the office of the president are wrestling with the fact that economic planning will require the input of these bureaucratic echelons' interests. As we will detail later, overcoming past practices which saw the president imposing his will over the bureaucracy may meet some difficulty.