By Alan Farmer
The fourth variation of this bestselling identify charts the process British overseas coverage from the tip of the 1st international conflict and the Treaty of Versailles, to the social and fiscal results of the second one international warfare. there's a specific concentration and research of the difficulty of appeasement in the course of the interval, in particular within the run-up to the second one global struggle. Public opinion and the function of key members is explored all through and the narrative concludes with an interpretation of the motives of and purposes for British international regulations around the period.
Throughout the booklet, key dates, phrases and matters are highlighted, and ancient interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are integrated to consolidate wisdom and figuring out of the interval, and exam-style questions and counsel written via examiners give you the chance to strengthen examination skills.
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Extra resources for Access to History. British Foreign Affairs: Saving Europe at a cost? 1919-1960
French governments also searched for alternative means of security: • They sought a ﬁrm military alliance with Britain. • They concluded military agreements with Eastern European states, such as Poland (1921) and Czechoslovakia (1924). British governments opposed most aspects of French policy. Few British statesmen actually trusted France. In 1920 a Channel 36 | British Foreign Affairs: Saving Europe at a Cost? 1919–60 tunnel project was rejected by the Foreign Ofﬁce on the grounds that ‘our relations with France never have been and are not, and probably never will be, sufﬁciently stable and friendly to justify the building of a Channel tunnel’.
You may also wish to refer back to the problems of the Treaty of Versailles (pages 19–24) which lay beneath the decision to hold new talks. Try to show some judgement in your conclusion. (b) You will need to start with a short plan identifying the evidence which agrees and that which disagrees with the statement. Before you begin to write, decide whether, on balance, you will agree or disagree and try to maintain your view through the answer so as to arrive at a substantiated judgement in the conclusion.
It proved impossible to ﬁnd a compromise between Germany’s demand for equality and France’s demand for security. The end of reparations Despite failure on the disarmament front, MacDonald continued to hope that the just grievances of Germany could be settled by negotiation. Given Germany’s dreadful economic position (over ﬁve million people unemployed in 1932), a conference meeting in June 1932 at Lausanne in Switzerland agreed that reparation payments should be abolished. The impact of Depression The Great Depression had different effects in different countries: • It made some countries, like the USA, more peaceful than ever.