By Daphne Kerremans
This ebook offers the 1st large-scale usage-based research of the conventionalization technique of English neologisms within the on-line speech group. The examine solutions the longstanding query of the way and why a few neologisms develop into a part of the English lexicon and others don't. It strings jointly findings and assumptions from lexicological, sociolinguistic and cognitive study and supplementations the prevailing theories with novel data-driven insights. For this objective a webcrawler was once constructed, which extracted the occurrences of the neologisms into consideration from the net in per month periods. The e-book exhibits that different classes conventionalization strategies may perhaps take consequence from the interaction among speaker-based sociopragmatic accommodation-induced elements and elements facilitating cognitive processing of novel linguistic fabric.
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Extra resources for A Web of New Words: A Corpus-Based Study of the Conventionalization Process of English Neologisms
Hohenhaus 2006: 19). id=153242&cc=5739. Hohenhaus 2006: 19-20). Hohenhaus 2006: 19). Hohenhaus not only noticed an expansion into other sports, but also into other contexts, mainly business. He concludes that a “real” diffusion seemed to be happening with a concomitant semantic extension (Hohenhaus 2006: 19). By early 2006, however, the initial diffusion had been arrested as evidenced by the dwindling activity on the online petitions and decreasing amount of search engine hits. Hohenhaus 2006: 20-21).
She notes, for instance, that the existence of lexical alternatives that are shorter, structurally less complex, easier to pronounce and with neutral or positive associations can inhibit the institutionalization of a near-synonymous neologism (cf. Fischer 1998: 178-179). 1998: 178). Fischer 1998: 179). Despite the linguistic complexity of a given neologism, it might still become institutionalized if the societal pressure of prestige, authority and identity is sufficiently large. In an attempt to resolve the limits of theoretical introspection and exposure experiments with speakers, Hohenhaus (2006) introduces a new method of tracking the institutionalization process of neologisms by monitoring their behavior on the Internet.
Nagy and Gentner 1990: 173). Downing 1977: 824). This indicates that “a language-universal bias against impossible concepts” exists (Nagy and Gentner 1990: 173). Downing 1977: 824). In Downing’s study, subjects were unable to provide interpretations for words like butler-maid, circle-square and loaf-pie, because no perceivable relationship seemed to exist between the two elements. Downing 1977: 824-825).